About The Book

The book is the outgrowth of deep and active interest the authors have had in prawns fisheries, actively pursued over a few decades. In addition to their own work, they have drawn upon the existing literature in the field and informal discussions with research workers in the areas of their specialisation.

The book has been received warmly as an excellent reference book for the students of Fishery Science and research workers, and also as a guide to the prawn culturist. As a result, four editions and several reprint runs of the book had to be brought out.

In the present fifth edition, the book has been further enlarged and updated. This edition has undergone a total revision. Most chapters are rewritten, diagrams are redrawn and species are described, based on their most recent international nomenclature. A lot of redundant legends are deleted and new information added.

When the book was written in 1976, the prawn was used to denote the species belonging to marine origin. According to revised nomenclature, the marine species are called shrimp and the term prawn is used to describe that of freshwater origin. But in this book, major descriptions are related to shrimp though its name “Prawns and Prawn Fisheries of India” is retained in view of its wide popularity and readership.

Prawn and shrimp rank the highest foreign exchange earner among our marine products exports, fetching over 70 percent of the total value. Shrimp also plays a leading role in the economy of many Asian nations as shrimp farming has emerged as a major farming activity of the coastal fisherman providing employment, income and food security. Because of these prawn and shrimp fishing potential, the present edition dealing comprehensively with various aspects of prawn and shrimp fishing would be a novice guide for students, researchers, and culturists.

About The Authors and Editors

Dr. C.V. Kurian was a professor of Marine Biology & Oceanography at the University of Cochin. He received his M.Sc. in 1947 in Marine Biology & Fisheries from Kerala University, and his D.Sc. in Marine Biology & Oceanography from the Belgrade University, Yugoslavia. He had worked at several laboratories in Europe and the U.K. After retirement from University service, Dr. Kurian worked as Emeritus Scientist in the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute.

DR. Kurian’s specialisation is benthos with particular reference to prawns and lobster and he is the author of several scientific papers.

Dr. V.O. Sebastian was the visiting scientist at the Department of Marine Sciences, Cochin University. After taking his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from the University of Madras, he was carrying out research on subjects relating to marine biology for more than thirty years. He also worked on marine boring and fouling organisms for a number of years. He was fellow of the University Grants Commission for conducting researches at the marine Biology Laboratories of the Portonovo and Cochin. Author of several papers, special subjects being anatomy, embryology and rearing of marine organisms.

Dr. K. Gopalkumar as a Deputy Director-General headed the Fisheries Division of Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He is also the National Coordinator of Network of Aquaculture Centre in Asia-Pacific (NACA) for India. Earlier on, he held various positions in CIFT like Senior Scientist, Head Division of Fish Processing, Joint Director and Director, served as a consultant for a number of International Organization like FAO, World Bank, UNDP, Asian Productivity Organization, Tokyo, WHO and NACA, as the Chief Technical Adviser (Fisheries) to FAO of UN in Philippines. Other positions he held were – as the Chairman, of FADC 12 committee if Bureau of Indian Standard to set Standards for fish and fishery products, Chairman, Committee constituted by Agricultural Ministry of draft “Comprehensive Marine Fishery Policy”, Chairman working for the 10th Five Year Plan documentation on Fisheries for Ministry of Agriculture, Member in Committee 111/9 of the International Union of Nutrient Science to set global standards for smoked and dried fish.

He did extensive research in the fields of fish processing and authored over 200 research papers and six books. His areas of research include marine lipids, nature and changes of microflora during processing and chilled storage and quality assessment of fish.

Dr. V.N. Pillai, former Director of CMFRI, Cochin has served CMFRI in various positions – officer-in-charge, Calicut Research Centre and the Head of the Fishery Environment Management Division of the same Institute. He is a consultant in the disciplines of Ecology and Ecosystem Management in the collaborative ICARM project on “Sustainable Management of Coastal Fish Stocks in Asia“ with funding from the Asian Development Bank and coordinated the scientific programmes of largest Fisheries Oceanographic Research Vessel SAGAR SAMPADA. He has also served R & D of the Ministry of Defence, National Institute Of Oceanography, the Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training and the Integrated Fisheries Project.

Dr. Pillai is Gold Medalist from Kerala University for his Postgraduation and did his Ph.D. from the Cochin Institute of Science and Technology. He has undergone training in Fisheries Oceanography in the MAFF Fisheries Laboratory, Lowestoft, England.

Dr. Pillai’s contributions to research in Fishery Oceanography is widely recognized and he has more than 80 publications to his credit both International and National Journals of repute. His works on the application of Remote sensing Data in Marine Fisheries are well appreciated.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The Phylum Arthropoda
Chapter 2: The Class Crustacea
Chapter 3: Development of Marine and Fresh Water Prawns of Commercial Importance
Chapter 4: The Indian Prawns of Commercial Importance
Chapter 5: Prawn Fishing Methods
Chapter 6: Prawn Production
Chapter 7: Shrimp Farming
Chapter 8: Major Shrimp Diseases: Diagnosis and Management in India
Chapter 9: Processing of Prawns
Chapter 10: ‘Chakara’ (Mud Bank) and Prawn Fishery
Chapter 11: Mark-Recovery Studies on Prawns
Chapter 12: Shrimp Fishery of India: Future Plans and Prospects
Chapter 13: The Future of Prawn Fishery in India
Chapter 14: Pollution and Prawn Fishery
Chapter 15: Prawn Fishery and Environment


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